Data

The data on this page present work in progress of the international research collaboration launched by the project. While the results are presented in proper publications, beginning with Mapping BRICS Media (see Materials), key data are provided here for reference under three baskets covering the main topics which this project has chosen to study: media systems, journalists, and journalism education.

BRICS Media Systems

This basket presents key elements of the broad topic of media systems. First we gathered empirical indicators of media in each BRICS country with the aid of a template. Second, we pooled central figures on the media systems into three tables presenting the BRICS countries side by side concerning traditional media, digital media, and media economy. Third, we raised nine questions concerning the media landscape, with responses of each BRICS country.

As this is work in progress, the data and presentations are tentative and will be updated.

Template

Media system profiles in template:
Brazil
Russia
India
China
South Africa

Media figures in tables

Media landscape questions:
Brazil
Russia
India
China
South Africa

BRICS Journalists

This basket includes data from a survey conducted in the five BRICS countries among journalists working in traditional media as well as new online media. Personal interviews were made in four cities in each country (two metropolitan, two provincial) covering different types of media and journalists: 144 in Brazil, 144 in Russia, 145 in India, 146 in China and 150 in South Africa – altogether 729 interviews. Sampling, interviews and results are presented in greater detail in Special issue of African Journalism Studies, Volume 36, Number 3, 2015 http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/recq21/36/3

The interviews were organized, conducted and processed by the following researchers and students:

Brazil
Brasília, Rio de Janeiro, Juiz de Fora and Vitória: Raquel Paiva, Márcio Guerra, Christiane Paschoalino and students of Federal University of Juiz de Fora: Layrha Moura, Yuri Fernandes and Vanessa Ferreira.

Russia
Moscow: Maria Anikina, Svetlana Pasti and PhD students of Lomonosov Moscow State Uiversity – Kristina Zuykina, Anastasia Obraztsova, Daria Sokolova, Maria Nedyuk and Venera Oganova.
St Petersburg: Dmitry Gavra, Svetlana Pasti, Dmitry Shishkin, Alyona Savitskaya, Ekaterina Akimovitch, Anna Nenasheva, Zalina Barkhinkhoeva and Emilia Sinitsyna.
Yekaterinburg: Dmitry Strovsky, Svetlana Pasti, Andrei Mozolin and students of the Ural Federal University.
Petrozavodsk: Svetlana Pasti, Natalia Meshkova, Anastasia Ermashova and Ekaterina Akimovitch.

India
Delhi: Remya Muralidharan and Palak Malik.
Hyderabad: Uma Pranathi Narayan, Spandana Arpula, D V S Raja and Nazish Hussain.
Kolkata: Sheeva Dubey and other students from the School of Communication, University of Miami; Bridgette Colaco, Assistant Professor, Troy University; students from the Department of Journalism & Mass Communication, Surendranath College for Women, Kolkata, and from the Department of Journalism and Mass Communication, the University of Calcutta, Kolkata,
Pune: Sheeva Dubey and other students from the School of Communication, University of Miami; and students from the Department of Journalism and Mass Communication, MES Abasaheb Garware College, Pune.

China
Beijing: Xianzhi Li and Hongxuan Mu.
Shanghai: Ruiming Zhou.
Guangzhou and Wuhan: Ruiming Zhou and Yu Xu.

South Africa
Cape Town and Durban:  Musawenkosi W. Ndlovu.
Johannesburg: Musawenkosi W. Ndlovu and Robyn Evan, Wits University.
Port Elizabeth: Musawenkosi W. Ndlovu and Mvuzo Ponono, Rhodes University.

Below are the following files:

* The questionnaire with a coding sheet in two versions consisting of the same questions but in somewhat different order of questions

Survey questionnaire and coding sheet

* The survey data from each BRICS country, reproduced from Appendices in Contemporary BRICS Journalism.  

Tables from Brazil

Tables from Russia

Tables from India

Tables from China

Tables from South Africa

BRICS Journalism Education

This basket includes basic information on journalism education in the BRICS countries. It was gathered with the assistance of eight questions addressed to a key expert in each BRICS country. They collected relevant data mostly from existing sources and in some cases carried out specific inquiries. The results are presented here as responses to the common questions. For convenience, the exercise is called “survey”.

Each national report was extended to a journal article in Journalism and Mass Communication Educator.

Report from Brazil

Report from Russia

Report from India

Report from China

Report from South Africa