FICAM acts as the coordinator for the *3R-consortium which was established by the National Committee for the Protection of Animals Used for Scientific and Educational Purposes in Finland. The consortium consists of universities, other institutions and industry performing animal experiments and developing non-animal methods and approaches. The main aims are to:
- act as a national focal point of the 3 Rs
- promote 3Rs on national level in many ways e.g. share information through electronic media, organize education and training courses, give presentation to public, announce a 3R prize
- promotes co-research projects
The *3Rs = Replacement, Reduction, Refinement
Replacement: methods which avoid or replace the use of animals in research.
Reduction: use of methods that enable researchers to obtain comparable levels of information from fewer animals, or to obtain more information from the same number of animals.
Refinement: use of methods that alleviate or minimize potential pain, suffering or distress, and enhance animal welfare for the animals used.
The 3R principles were originally presented in: Russell, W.M.S. and Burch, R.L., (1959). The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique, Methuen, London.