Pertti Haapala Director of HEX Pertti Haapala is professor of history and the director of the CoE. His special areas of research are social history and methodology of history. In HEX (Lived Welfare State) his focus is in the study of social structures and life-chance, i.e. the “limits of experience”, and in the history of social sciences as national identity (Lived Nation). Ville Kivimäki Lived Nation team leader Ville Kivimäki has studied the social and cultural history of the Second World War and its aftermath in Finland, with a special emphasis on the traumatic war experiences and their psychiatric treatment. His main methodological interests are in the history of emotions, gender, and the German tradition of Erfahrungsgeschichte. In the CoE, Kivimäki leads the Lived Nation research team and studies the national experiences of violence and stress in the twentieth century. Pirjo Markkola Lived Welfare State team leader Pirjo Markkola is professor of history specialized in gender history, history of children and childhood, and the history of Lutheranism and the welfare state in the Nordic countries. She is in charge of theme group Lived welfare state. Markkola’s own research focuses on the experiences of justice and injustice in child welfare. Another theme central to her research is lived religion and the Nordic welfare state. Raisa Maria Toivo Lived Religion Team Leader Raisa Maria Toivo works on the history of early modern religion, gender and family, with a focus on structural, social and shared experience, and a smaller side current on magic and witchcraft. She is currently a Finnish Academy Research Fellow and heads the HEX group on ‘lived religion’. Johanna Annola Postdoctoral researcher Postdoctoral researcher Johanna Annola studies the expectations and experiences of social care work in pre-welfare-state Finland. She is also interested in the interplay between everyday social care work and lived religion. Previously she has focused on institutional care in poorhouses and Magdalene asylums, as well as on grassroots level pioneers of social care work. Rob Boddice University researcher Rob Boddice (PhD, FRHistS) will join HEX in 2020, working on the lived experience of public health in the proto-welfare state in Britain and America. He is currently Marie-Skłodowska-Curie Global Fellow at Freie Universität Berlin and McGill University. Boddice has published extensively in the fields of history of medicine, history of science and the history of emotions. His recent books include The Science of Sympathy: Morality, Evolution and Victorian Civilization (University of Illinois Press, 2016), Pain: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2017) and The History of Emotions (Manchester University Press, 2018). Minna Harjula University researcher University researcher Minna Harjula has specialized in the history of welfare policies. She focuses on lived welfare state as experienced encounters between citizens and local social security institutions in Finland in the 1930s-1980s. By analyzing the divergent experiences of individual-society relationship in these encounters, her study opens a perspective to the lived construction and legitimation of Finnish welfare state. Previously she has focused on disability history, health policy, health citizenship and on the linkage between political and social citizenship in Finland in the late nineteenth and twentieth century. Kirsi-Maria Hytönen Postdoctoral researcher Kirsi-Maria Hytönen is a postdoctoral researcher and an ethnologist. Her main interests are oral history, experiences of the Second World War and postwar society, and memories of childhood and child welfare. Her research teams in HEX are ‘lived welfare’ and ‘lived nation’, with a research focus on experiences of foster care in a Finnish welfare state. Mervi Kaarninen Senior Lecturer Mervi Kaarninen focuses on the living conditions of children and youth and relations between children and parents during the crises of the twentieth century. Mervi Kaarninen has published several books and articles on the Finnish childhood and youth, on gender history and on the social history of education. Sari Katajala-Peltomaa University researcher University researcher Sari Katajala-Peltomaa studies late medieval lived religion by analyzing rituals and miracle narrations. Her work concentrates on how religion-as-lived turned norms and values into social actions and performances – and how rituals and narrations in turn shaped values and institutions. Currently she focuses on cases of demonic possession as well as interconnections between lived religion and gender in late medieval Europe. Heikki Kokko Postdoctoral researcher Postdoctoral researcher Heikki Kokko has specialized in the history of modern communality “from below”. In the research groups Lived welfare state and Lived nation Kokko studies the experience of the modern belonging to society in Finland in the mid-1800s. Especially, he focuses on the societal significance of the information technology in the construction of the Western modern individual-society relationship. His study opens a perspective to the modern notion of society as a new way of defining one’s belonging to a larger “translocal” entity, which is an extension of the local. Previously, he has focused on the emerging of the Western notion of the modern self in the thinking of ordinary people. His special areas of research are conceptual history and digital history. Within HEX, Kokko coordinates the digital history project Translocalis Database, which builds a database of readers’ letters that were published in the name of local communities in the 19th century Finnish press. Jenni Kuuliala University researcher Jenni Kuuliala’s work focuses on medieval and early modern social history of medicine. In HEX, she works in the teams ‘lived religion’ and also ‘lived welfare state’, where she focuses on the interconnection of lived religion and healing. She is particularly interested in the ways healing – be it administered by physicians, surgeons, apothecaries, or so-called folk healers – interlinked, collaborated and conflicted with religious beliefs, and how ‘lived religion’ functioned in the patient experiences of the time. Kuuliala has published on the history of dis/ability, sainthood, childhood, and religious healing; a monograph based on her PhD thesis, Childhood Disability and Social Integration in the Middle Ages: Constructions of Impairments in Thirteenth- and Fourteenth-Century Canonization Processes, was published by Brepols in 2016. Currently she is also leading a public disability history project. Hanna Lindberg Postdoctoral researcher Hanna Lindberg is a postdoctoral researcher specialized in the history of the welfare state, social movements, and minorities. In HEX, she studies the positions and experiences of minorities in the expanding and declining Finnish welfare state during the second half of the 20th century, especially focusing on the case of the Finland-Swedish Deaf. She has previously published works on the construction of gender in academic social policy, and the history of scientific writing in Finland. Antti Malinen Postdoctoral researcher Antti Malinen is a postdoctoral researcher specialized in the history of childhood and family life. His main research focus is on how societies, institutions and especially families and children are coping and how they are influenced by political and social crises, including military conflicts. In HEX Malinen will investigate how children have experienced and articulated their feelings of distress in 20th century Finland, both in writing and through drawings, and also in their behaviour and bodily expressions. Malinen has written extensively on the social history of post-WWI and WWII Finland, especially from the perspectives of experiences, emotions and gender. In his recent non-fiction book (2017, Gaudeamus) Malinen studied the experience of post-war Finnish childhood. Currently he is writing a book on the role of friendships in children’s lives and welfare. Riikka Miettinen Postdoctoral researcher Riikka Miettinen is a postdoctoral researcher specialized in the history of early modern Sweden and Finland. Working in two groups of HEX, ‘lived religion’ and ‘lived welfare state’, she is studying the social history of insanity, disability and poor relief. In particular, she focuses on the interconnections between religion, welfare and the experiences of those considered mentally deviant in early modern (ca. 1550–1800) Sweden and Finland. Her work examines the individual and communal experiences of insanity, including the reactions to and understandings of insanity, the religious practice and healing of the insane and the position, agency, care and everyday lives of the insane in the early modern ‘welfare systems’. Miettinen’s research interests also include the history of suicides, the rural landless and disabled, and the social and legal history of early modern Sweden and Finland. Her PhD dissertation (2015) discussed the judicial treatment of suicides in seventeenth-century Sweden. Stephanie Olsen University researcher Stephanie Olsen, Ph.D, FRHistS, is the author/co-author of two monographs, Juvenile Nation: Youth, Emotions and the Making of the Modern British Citizen (Bloomsbury, 2014) and Learning How to Feel: Children’s Literature and the History of Emotional Socialization, c. 1870-1970 (Oxford University Press, 2014), and the editor of the collection, Childhood, Youth and Emotions in Modern History: National, Colonial and Global Perspectives (Palgrave, 2015). Her new research focuses on the ‘Lived Nation’ in the context of the British Empire and specially on children’s education and the cultivation of hope in the First World War. It is supported by a Social Science and Humanities Council of Canada Insight Development Grant. She is also the general co-editor of the forthcoming 6-volume Bloomsbury Cultural History of Youth. Curriculum Vitae Louise Settle Postdoctoral researcher Louise Settle is postdoctoral researcher who specialises in the history of crime, gender and social work in Britain during the twentieth century. In HEX she is completing a book project on the history of probation in Britain (1907-1960) which explores the role of the British state in policing interpersonal relationships and emotions. The project focuses on how the everyday practices of probation policies influenced the experiences of probationers convicted for offences such as domestic violence, attempted suicide, prostitution, gross indecency and indecent assault. Louise has previously published on the history of prostitution, the geography of crime, and child sexual abuse. A monograph based on her PhD thesis, Sex for Sale in Scotland: Prostitution in Edinburgh and Glasgow, 1900-1939, was published by Edinburgh University Press in 2016. Sami Suodenjoki University researcher Sami Suodenjoki is specialized in labour history, popular politics and rural modernization. His HEX project deals with the experiential bases of political mobilisations in Finland and the Russian empire in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Suodenjoki focuses on how ordinary people’s encounters with the imperial authority shaped popular experiences of the empire and how these lived experiences linked with class and national identities. He also studies the experiences of inclusion in and exclusion from local government by charting the establishment of municipal councils in the Finnish countryside. Tanja Vahtikari Senior Lecturer Tanja Vahtikari is a specialist in history of heritage (incl. UNESCO World Heritage), post-war urban history and urban memorial cultures, on which she has published widely. In HEX, she is a member of the group “lived nation”. In her research, Tanja Vahtikari explores the practices of “lived national heritage” during the 20th century, and how the nation was experienced in various unofficial settings by engaging with local heritages and history/memory cultures. Reetta Eiranen Project Researcher Reetta Eiranen focuses on the histories of experience, emotions, gender and nationalism. Her theoretical and methodological interests include e.g. hermeneutics, epistolary research and narrative approaches. In her PhD dissertation, defended in June 2019, she studied how the close relationships and nationalistic cause intertwined in emotional and gendered ways in a key family of Finnish nineteenth-century nationalism, the Tengströms. Affiliated members Andrew G. Newby Kone Foundation Senior Research Fellow Andrew Newby is a specialist in international history (particularly of the “Long Nineteenth Century”) and Docent in European Area and Cultural Studies. His particular focus in HEX is on the Great Finnish Famine of the 1860s, particularly in comparative perspective (in terms of local and national governance, and commemoration / memorialisation). His current project at Tampere Institute for Advanced Social Research examines the international aid which was sent to Finland in the 1850s and 60s, the reasons for that aid, and how it was distributed.